BEING A MUSIC ADVOCATE
By Tim Lautzenheiser
How to Communicate with Our Target Market
All too often band and orchestra directors find themselves “preaching to the choir” (literally!), trying to convince the “already converted” of the value of music in our schools. The audience enthusiastically agrees, everyone leaves with gratified feelings of accomplishment, and, to the dismay of all, nothing changes.
We have missed the target with this strategy. While it is vitally important to share the good news about music learning with every facet of our society, the key people are those who are the decision makers – the folks who have the wherewithal to influence curriculums, schedules, and the academic agenda of our schools. This issue will focus on how to address this “target market.”
Who and Why?
School boards, administrators, curriculum supervisors, faculty representatives, and even local government officials make up the target market. The perceived importance of these high-profile positions can be daunting and intimidating for even the most mission-driven advocate. However, this is precisely where we can have the greatest impact, ensuring the future of music in our educational arena.
While there are some exceptions, the majority of the people responsible for our educational foundation are committed to excellence and willing to listen to any data that will support a holistic, quality learning experience for every child. They are charged with the responsibility of preparing the students to assume the responsibilities of living a prosperous, successful life. If we begin with this perspective in mind, it offers a less confrontational forum of exchange, and, more importantly, we bring to the table information that will help them reach their goal.
It is imperative to frame the advocacy material in the language that appeals to our audience. Music supporters enjoy hearing the affective benefits of music education, from anecdotal situations to the emotional effects of a heartwarming performance. However, the language we use with those in our “administrative” target market must highlight the cognitive aspect of the art form, relating statistics, research data, and evaluation results.
While I personally believe that “music for the sake of music” needs no further justification, such logic may not be understood by someone who has not experienced the intrinsic joy of music making and the aesthetic value it offers to every music maker. Therefore, it is time to set my artistic opinions aside in an effort to create a new level of understanding from a different viewpoint.
The most dramatic successes generated from our music advocacy efforts evidence the need to highlight the convincing “facts and figures” that conclusively demonstrate the positive effect of music learning as it relates to the total development of the individual. This is the conversation that best relates the value of music to those who can (and will) determine the future of our music programs.
We have a library of conclusive data on all age groups, ranging from preschoolers to senior citizens, to share with the decision makers. Additionally, there are countless case studies demonstrating the increased academic performance of students when music was integrated into the rest of their school studies. It is difficult for anyone to ignore this compelling information, and when it is presented as a concern for all students rather than just a chosen few, there is a greater chance of mutual understanding and program implementation.
Keep in mind that a musician’s understanding of the benefits of music is based on life-changing personal experiences, which do not always relate to someone who has not traveled a similar pathway. This is a crucial understanding as we develop a successful communication vocabulary with the constituents we wish to convince. In other words, the delivery of the message is equally as important as the message itself.
For example, we might give a personal testimony pointing to our observation of the music students’ abilities to learn new information at a faster pace. While this may be valid, it lacks the scientific framework needed to convince the undecided or skeptical person. However, consider information presented in this fashion:
A research project, conducted with three-year-olds in Los Angeles preschool, tested children’s spatial reasoning after eight months of keyboard and singing lessons. The children who received the music training increased their spatial-temporal reasoning by 46 percent as compared to a six percent increase in the control group that received no training.
Rauscher/Shaw, “Music Training Causes Long-term Enhancement of Preschool Children’s Spatial-Temporal Reasons.” Neurological Research, Vol.19, February 1997.
An enthusiastic music supporter could point to his or her child’s grade improvement in other areas of school since joining the band/orchestra/choir, but such conjecture often falls on deaf ears. If it is accompanied with research, however, it immediately gains credibility:
Studying music strengthens students’ academic performance. Studies have indicated that sequential, skill-building instruction in art and music integrated with the rest of the curriculum can greatly improve children’s performance in reading and math.”
Martin Gardiner, Alan Fox, Faith Knowles, and Donna Jeffrey, “Learning Improved by Arts Training.” Nature, May 23, 1996.
The Key: Communication
Our target market is easy to identify. Perhaps the more important challenge surrounds our ability to communicate in a style that engages their support for the welfare of our music programs. To that end, let us pledge our efforts and energies. Participation in school music programs is increasing; music advocacy is making a difference. As we continue to gather new information that confirms the value of music learning, it is imperative we continue to communicate the good news with all those who are charged with the responsibility of creating our school curriculums. Let us “target our market” and “market our target”!
We all can make a difference. Music advocacy is an ongoing process that generates immeasurable benefits for every musician, young and old. The next chapter of our advocacy column will feature the various sources of data and information we can turn to in our advocacy efforts.
Meanwhile, let the music begin…